Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle can be separated into the phases of follicular phase (14 days during which proliferative phase happens), ovulation, luteal phase (14 days during with secretory phase happens), and period. These are referred to as phases of the menstrual cycle.

Follicular Phase and Ovulation

phases of the menstrual cycle

There are 4 phases of the menstrual cycle. Please read the below article to know the phases of the menstrual cycle in order.

  1. Follicular Phase

phases of the menstrual cycle

During the follicular phase arrival of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) from the pituitary outcomes in the improvement of an essential ovarian follicle. This essential ovarian follicle produces estrogen which makes the uterine covering multiply (proliferative phase).

  1. Ovulation


During the center of the period (14 days), an increment in (LH spike) results because of the estrogen delivered during the proliferative phase. This LH spike causes ovulation (release of the ovum from the follicle) to happen.

  1. Luteal Phase

Luteal Phase

Ovulation is trailed by the Luteal phase, during with the remainders (theca interna and granulosa cells) of the follicle (abandoned after ovulation of the ovum) form into the corpus luteum.

Corpus luteum produces progesterone, which then, at that point keeps up with the covering of the endometrium (that had multiplied in light of the estrogen in the proliferative phase). This is essentially preparing for the ovum to embed.

  1. Period or Menstruation

Period or Menstruation

If the ovum doesn’t embed, the corpus luteum degenerates, and the progesterone levels decline to bring about the sloughing off of the endometrium lining (Menstruation).

Also if the ovum does embed (after treatment happens), the creating trophoblast will keep up with the corpus luteum by delivering HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) until around two months when the placenta can keep up with the creation of estrogen and progesterone.

Restarting the Cycle

phases of the menstrual cycle

An ensuing reduction in estrogen and progesterone (after degeneration of the corpus luteum and period) brings about an increment in FSH which then. At that point stimulates the improvement of more essential ovarian follicles to begin the menstrual cycle once more.

Almost 5-15 early phase follicles are shaped of which just one (predominant) will develop into ovulation. It will invigorate itself with estrogen. (Autocrine incitement by the joined work of theca interna cells (produce androstenedione because of LH incitement). And granulosa cells (convert the androstenedione into estradiol in light of FSH incitement) of the follicle.

So, above is a quick guide on phases of the menstrual cycle. To know more, please stick to the menstrual cycle blog 😉


This is intended for informational and educational purposes only. Always consult a professional for qualified medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

We are not responsible for any adverse circumstances or reactions you develop, by reading or following any information on our Site

This blog ( gives general data and conversations about illness, health, fitness, and other health-related subjects. The information, remedies, and other health-related knowledge gave during this blog, site, or in any connected materials aren't expected. And won't be thought of, or utilized as a substitute for, clinical diagnose treatment, or any health/medical advice. This blog doesn't practice the act of any clinical, nursing, or other expert medical services guidance, or conclusion. We can't analyze conditions/ disease, give second suppositions or make explicit treatment suggestions through this blog or site.

In case that you or the other individual highlights a clinical concern, you should counsel your health care supplier or look for other expert clinical treatment or diagnosis right away. If you're encountering a health-related problem, kindly contact your closest clinic, specialist help on the nearest phone right away. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it due to something that you simply have read on this blog, website, or in any linked materials.

Disclaimer for aromatherapies or other home remedies shared in blog

Always consult a qualified aromatherapist before you think of taking any oil internally. Always dilute the essential oil and other concentrated aromatherapy oils on the skin. Do not apply them at full strength without verifying with an expert aromatherapy practitioner. Never use any oil without conducting a skin patch test for oil sensitivity or possible allergic reactions. Always seek guidance and verify safety before using any essential oil from a trained expert.

Leave a Comment