What Causes Menstrual Cramps?

Menstruation or periods can be excruciatingly painful for some women, who experience painful cramps during their menstrual cycles. Menstrual cramps are referred to as Dysmenorrhea in medical terms. These cramps are commonly referred to as period pains because they occur during the menstrual cycle. So by this article, know what causes menstrual cramps step by step.

What Exactly Are Menstrual Cramps?

what causes menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramps are extremely painful and occur in the lower abdomen. The intensity of the pains can range from mild to severe. This pain is usually felt around the time of ovulation. Ovulation is the process by which the ovaries release an egg cell into the fallopian tube.

There are two types of menstrual cramps or period pains. The first is known as primary dysmenorrhea, while the second is known as secondary dysmenorrhea. The first is the most common. The majority of the time, there is no known cause for these aches and pains. This pain has been known to last up to four days and to begin one or two days before menstruation.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a variety of medical conditions, including uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. This type of cramp is caused by medical reasons.

What Causes Menstrual Cramps?

what causes menstrual cramps

The main cause of menstrual cramps is a substance called prostaglandin. This substance has been linked to inflammation and pain. Another cause of this pain is uterine contractions during menstruation.

Menstrual pains can be associated with a variety of symptoms. Aside from cramps, some women experience other symptoms such as pain in the lower back that spreads to the thighs, dull and throbbing pain in the lower abdomen, lightheadedness, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal bloating.

Menstrual cramps are something that women accept and suffer with until they no longer have menstrual periods, i.e. when they reach menopause. Menstrual cramps can be avoided in several ways. It is recommended to maintain a healthy body and eat a balanced diet for pain-free periods free of these cramps.

Foods that are fatty or greasy should be avoided. Caffeine, salty and sweet foods, and alcohol consumption should be limited. Regular exercise will also help you avoid cramps. You can also try menstrual cramps remedies.

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Menstrual Hormones


Menstrual cramps are uterine contractions. Special hormones are released when a female menstruates. These hormones, known as prostaglandins, work to stimulate the muscular contractions required for uterine lining shedding. Because prostaglandins cause menstrual cramps, they also bear the brunt of the pain that often accompanies them.

Menstrual contractions are not as strong as labor and childbirth contractions, but they do involve the same muscles. Some women have menstrual cramps every menstrual cycle, while others only have them occasionally. Menstrual cramps can be painful, ranging from mildly irritating to incapacitating. Still, confused regards what causes menstrual cramps? Don’t worry, keep scrolling the screen ๐Ÿ˜‰

Menstrual Contractions

Menstrual Contractions

It should be noted that menstrual cramps can occur without causing pain. Some women have uterine contractions without even realizing it or with only minor discomfort. On the other hand, many women experience pain every month as a result of long-lasting and intense contractions.

Menstrual cramps cause pain because these powerful contractions cut off the blood supply to the uterus, resulting in a lack of oxygen to the related muscles. Fortunately, both the oxygen deprivation and the pain are only temporary.

Menstrual cramps appear far too intense in some cases to be normal. Other conditions can sometimes aggravate or mimic menstrual cramping. Endometriosis, for example, causes severe abdominal pain as well as severe menstrual cramping.

Fibroids can also cause painful menstrual cycles and heavy menstrual bleeding. Similarly, pelvic inflammatory disease can cause excruciating pain during menstruation.

How to Cure Menstrual Cramps?

How to Cure Menstrual Cramps

For the most part, menstrual cramps are an unfortunate but normal part of a woman’s life. The goal of treatment is usually to alleviate pain. Massage, heat application, and other home remedies are also frequently used. Physical activity or stretching can provide relief for some women.

A trip to the doctor is for a woman who is suffering from debilitating menstrual cramps. A doctor or other healthcare provider can examine the woman and review her medical history to rule out potentially serious causes of menstrual pain.

If no secondary conditions are found, the doctor may be able to prescribe medications to alleviate discomfort or prevent cramps entirely. Hormone treatments may also be beneficial in the treatment of painful menstrual cramps.

NOTE- Please try to avoid these medications during your periods. Medications during a period can cause complications.

For more information on what causes menstrual cramps, stay in touch with the Menstrual Cycle blog, we use to share information related to period cramps, menstrual cramps remedies, how to stop menstrual cramps fast, and more on daily basis ๐Ÿ˜‰

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